Security monitoring is the process of detecting and responding to incidents that occur in a computer system. Security monitoring typically includes detection of unauthorized access, use, or disclosure of information; detection of malicious activity; and detection of failed or compromised systems.
Security system control can be performed by an organization itself, or it can be outsourced to a third-party service. There are many different types of security monitoring services.
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Security monitoring should not be confused with security protection, which is the broader concept encompassing measures such as firewalls, intrusion detection/prevention systems, and data encryption.
A security monitoring system is a software or hardware tool that helps organizations identify, track, and respond to cyber threats. Security monitoring systems typically have a number of features, including the ability to:
Detects abnormal activity on computers and networks.
Record log files that can be used to track activity over time.
Provide real-time alerts when threats are detected.
Install and manage security policies.
Security monitoring is necessary to identify and stop malicious activity before it can cause damage. Security monitoring can be done manually or automatically. Manual security monitoring involves a human reviewing logs and alerts to identify threats. Automatic security monitoring uses software to scan systems for potential threats.
The benefits of security monitoring include:
Reduced risk of data loss or system failure due to unauthorized access or malicious activity.
Ability to quickly identify and respond to incidents .
Easier identification of malicious actors and their activities.